The Staircase’s titular stairwell is an unusual one—narrow as a doorway, and with an abrupt turn just a few steps from the ground. The creators of the HBO Max series built three copies of it: a green one for stunts, a clean one, and a version covered in fake blood splatter. The real-life home in Durham, North Carolina, where Kathleen Atwater Peterson died at the bottom of her back stairs in 2001, was up for sale while the show was under production, and members of the creative team were allowed to enter the home and take measurements.
The goal in crafting the set—and the whole series, says co-showrunner and executive producer Maggie Cohn—was never to create a work identical to reality. “We’re not replicating something. We’re not adapting. This isn’t ‘based on,’ this is an ‘inspired by,’” she told me over Zoom. “And then we’re very much extrapolating from there.” The “one thing” in the home that they did want to perfectly reproduce, however, Cohn says, was the staircase. Getting it exactly right proved a struggle.
“To the extent that we know things to be true, numbers typically don’t lie,” Cohn says, but, “You give the measurements to somebody, it’s almost like a game of telephone.”
It was a challenge perfectly in keeping with the limited series’s approach to the famous but still-unsettled story of Peterson’s death. The truth is out of reach—just take a look at the debates still raging among the internet sleuths on the Reddit page devoted to the case—and difficult to perfectly replicate, just like that stairwell. “It was another indication that even when you know what the thing is supposed to be, it becomes something else, even if it’s just minutely,” Cohn says. “It just came back to this thesis of, ‘There is no truth, and there is no objectivity.’”
The Staircase, which has garnered Emmys buzz and critical acclaim for its eight-episode run, released its final episode on Thursday. The series, which was created by The Devil All the Time director Antonio Campos and stars Toni Collette and Colin Firth as Kathleen and her husband Michael Peterson, is inspired by the 13-part documentary series of the same name, which was directed by French filmmaker Jean-Xavier de Lestrade and released between 2004 and 2018. It followed the legal saga that unfurled in the wake of Peterson’s death. Despite arguing in court that Kathleen’s death was accidental, Michael was convicted of her murder in 2003. The sentence was overturned in 2011 after a judge found that a forensic analyst had given false testimony, and Peterson eventually accepted an Alford plea.
The documentary’s success would help create the genre of serialized true crime that’s since become omnipresent—a mixture of reportage and techniques from fiction, like cliffhangers and well-executed surprise twists. Now, the documentary that helped create the now-familiar genre has inspired a show that interrogates some of its often black-and-white treatment of truth, justice, and the dead women at the center of the tales.
“I think what is really compelling about The Staircase is that it’s like true crime, [but] we don’t know if it’s a crime, and we really want to investigate the idea of truth,” says Cohn.
In a story full of uncertainty, there’s no figure less knowable than Kathleen, who’s now been dead for more than 20 years. But The Staircase’s depiction of her as a fleshed-out person has been one of the show’s most praised elements and gives the series not only that rare of TV character—a potentially victimized woman who’s not just a flat plot device—but also an emotional core. “In order to have a true loss,” Cohn says, “you have to know what you’re losing.”
Embodied by Collette, who has perfected portrayals of maternal and domestic angst, the series creates a vision of Peterson sketched in the negative space left by her absence. “If Kathleen had not been who she was, her death would not have had the impact it did. And so when you look at the impact her absence had, you begin to realize who she is,” Cohn says. “Further, you get to talk to people, and regardless of what you one thinks happened that night, if there is a universal truth to this, it was that she was, by all accounts, a very dynamic and vibrant individual.”
One of the show’s most effective moments takes place in the penultimate episode, when Kathleen, struggling under the weight of almost single-handedly financially supporting the large blended family—her daughter Caitlin (Olivia DeJong), Michael’s sons Todd and Clayton (Patrick Schwarzenegger and Dane DeHaan), and his adoptive daughters Martha and Margaret (Odessa Young and Sophie Turner)—reaches a breaking point. “You just wander through life going to the gym and yelling at the dogs and spending my money, promising these big, beautiful dreams like Paris, and then you don’t do a goddamn thing to make them happen,” she snaps. “I thought I married a man. It turns out, all I got was a boy who is only good for getting drinks at the bar.”
“As a woman,” says Cohn, who wrote the episode, the scene reflects “that stress that you always feel of having to do so much, and also take care of so many other people.”
“I think especially in the early 2000s the ‘have it all’ concept was really prevalent and she was adhering to it,” says Cohn. And I think it allowed her to kind of say all the things that we’ve been thinking about what she’s been experiencing.”
One of the show’s lighter moments was among its most discussed: a scene in the third episode that found Michael rimming Kathleen as the couple cooked a meal. It was just one of many multiple moments of intimacy between the Petersons depicted in the series. The initial trial was marked by intense homophobia due to the fact that Michael slept with men during his marriage, and Cohn says that the writers felt that it was important that the show “explore the diversity of sexual experiences.”
“The scene in the kitchen was an act that isn’t often portrayed, so it has this sense of novelty to it,” she says. “But then it’s two people doing it as they’re making dinner, and she’s in sweatpants. That’s just sex… It’s not all like high heels and lingerie, it’s intimacy in a kitchen.”
Despite the strong reviews, the show’s not without its detractors—and some of the highest-profile criticism has been levied by the real-life people depicted, including de Lestrade, editor Sophie Brunet, and Michael Peterson’s former defense attorney David Rudolf. Among other plot points, the filmmakers have objected to the show’s suggestion that they crafted the series to aid in Peterson’s legal battle and that Brunet and Peterson’s romantic relationship—she reached out to him after working on the documentary and the two dated for about 13 years—began while Brunet was still at work on the documentary’s original installments. According to Vanity Fair, Brunet edited only the final five episodes of the series during and in the aftermath of her relationship with Peterson.
“They created a seminal film that will exist in the canon of film history,” Cohn says, when asked for her response to the criticisms. “Antonio and myself, we approached this series with complete respect for them and the film that they created, and we continue to have that.”
(Cohn herself has been romantically linked with Firth by the Daily Mail, which, if true, would make for a parallel to Brunet’s relationship with the real-life Peterson. When asked about these reports, Cohn replied, “I don’t really talk about my personal life.”)
With its series finale, The Staircase concludes by embracing the ambiguity surrounding its central story. In a beautifully edited scene combining two court proceedings taking place six years apart, we see Peterson’s retrial and his Alford plea hearings intertwined, with impassioned arguments in favor of his guilt delivered by one of Kathleen’s sisters. The swift cuts between 2011 and 2017 offer a disorienting reminder that time and distance can often further obscure knowledge.
“What do people ever know each other, really?” Firth’s Michael muses in the show’s final moments. “Most of it is just smoke and mirrors. People don’t actually know who they’re with.”
Though plenty of questions remain unresolved, Cohn says that one at the heart of the series—“Can you actually ever fully know something?”—does get answered. “By the end, the idea is that you can’t,” she says. “We hope to kind of achieve a level of comfort with the idea that there are multiple perspectives about everything.”