There's a Difference Between Evidence and a Fishing Expedition

Police officers arrive at the Great John Street Hotel in the centre of Manchester were an alleged rape of a woman took place during the Manchester United Football Club’s annual Christmas party.
Police officers arrive at the Great John Street Hotel in the centre of Manchester were an alleged rape of a woman took place during the Manchester United Football Club’s annual Christmas party.
Image: Getty

In the U.K.—like in the U.S.—rape is a dramatically underreported crime, and, once reported, few cases go to trial. In 2018, only 1.9 percent of reported rapes in the UK were prosecuted, and a figure that in 2019 fell to a five-year low. So now, police in the United Kingdom have introduced a measure that they believe will improve the likelihood of these cases going to trial: a national consent form, requiring anyone reporting sexual assault hand over all of their text messages, emails, photos, social media accounts, and from their phones, laptops, or smart watches.

Police say it will give them more ammunition to try sexual assault cases once reported. In reality, it’s a terrible idea.

This purview isn’t limited to communication with a suspect, it would enable detectives to access anything they deem “relevant” to the case, which means “anything that has some bearing on any offense under investigation, or on the surrounding circumstances of the case,” according to a final draft of the consent guidelines, published by the Guardian. The open-ended process can last several months, and it can happen at a later point in the investigation, Though the data-hand off is optional, failure to hand over files would effect a policy inquiry about whether or not the case can proceed.

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Rape cases are already under-reported because of the stigma, and the new guidelines open up anyone reporting assault to a fishing expedition. Mandating that police get access to the entirety of a rape victim’s mobile data, puts every aspect of a victim’s life—even parts completed unrelated to an assault—under surveillance. In the worst cases, data and social media posts could be used to cast doubt on victims or smear them with sexist attacks. “Most complainants fully understand why disclosure of communications with the defendant is fair and reasonable,” Harriet Wistrich, director of the Center for Women’s Justice, told CNN in a statement. “What is not clear is why their past history (including any past sexual history) should be up for grabs.”

Even without this data, in the U.S., it’s not uncommon for police to interrogate rape victims like suspects. This includes subjecting them to polygraph exams, or threatening arrests for false reporting. Police “may doubt and revictimize victims by closely scrutinizing their lives in search of evidence to charge the victim, without even investigating the rape allegations,” according to a report by the Women’s Law Project and Aequitas: The Prosecutor’s Resource on Violence Against Women.

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In 2017, ProPublica and the New York Times reported on the phenomenon of police prioritizing investigations into victims who report a rape over investigating rapists. (In Tennessee, as part of a lawsuit against Memphis, retired police lieutenant Cody Wilkerson said that he heard the head of investigations say, “The first thing we need to do is start locking up more victims for false reporting.”)

Victims already face a series of hurdles when reporting rape, adding another invasive measure to the reporting process is only likely to deter a group who already have little support in place.

Prachi Gupta is a senior reporter at Jezebel.

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DISCUSSION

anythingsweetie
anythingsweetie

Prachi, I’m sorry but you’re missing something quite important. Rape detectives *want* convictions. After months of preamble, rape detectives sincerely do *not* want their clients to be humiliated and further traumatised in court. Rape detectives don’t themselves want to be humiliated in court. Rape detectives don’t enjoy trawling through a victims’ entire text/email/social media history.

The fact is that, unfortunately, that not everybody that reports a rape discloses the full picture/their full involvement with the accused, and not disclosing certain information (however understandable) can seriously jeopardise an investigation and the likelihood of the CPS agreeing to prosecute it. It shouldn’t, but it does. This doesn’t look or feel good, at all, but it isn’t about punishing victims.