As Migrants Arrive in Tijuana, They Face Growing Animosity and an Uncertain Future

Illustration for article titled As Migrants Arrive in Tijuana, They Face Growing Animosity and an Uncertain Future
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As Donald Trump continues to describe the people traveling as part of the migrant caravan—largely made up of asylum seekers from Honduras and other Central American countries fleeing violence and poverty—as an “invasion,” his rhetoric is increasingly spilling over into protests against the migrants.


On Sunday, a demonstration in Tijuana against the migrants highlighted how, as one person put it to BuzzFeed News, anti-caravan sentiment is increasingly “influenced by Trump’s speech.”

From the San Diego Union Tribune:

Protesters threw beer cans at riot police who blocked their entrance to the shelter as the crowd shouted, “Hondurans get out, we don’t want you here,” around noon in Tijuana’s Zona Norte.

Organizers said the event, which began around 9 a.m., was not necessarily anti-migrant but anti-invasion.

“Legal migration, yes—illegal invasions, no,” said organizer Fidel Ernesto Gonzalez Hernandez. “That is our message.”

More than 1,000 demonstrators showed up. Many wore Mexican soccer jerseys, waved Mexican flags, and sang the Mexican anthem.

Children carried signs that read, “Mexico first,” and “No more caravans.”

The mayor of Tijuana, Juan Manuel Gastelum, who has been seen wearing a red “Make Tijuana Great Again” cap, has also embraced Trumpian language in speaking of the migrants. “Supposedly they are fleeing catastrophe, mistreatment in their countries of origin,” Gastelum said last Friday, according to the San Diego Union-Tribune. “How is it possible that they arrive here and, if they want, create disorder?”

As BuzzFeed News has reported, anti-caravan protesters are turning to WhatsApp and Facebook to organize, describing asylum seekers as a “Cancer that signals the end of Mexico” and “equal to gonorrhea.” From BuzzFeed News:

Other messages in a WhatsApp group called “Citizen’s Blockade”—which BuzzFeed News had access to after joining a related, closed Facebook page — included suggestions to deliver pizza and hamburgers filled with pesticide to migrants, and a call to burn down one of the biggest shelters in the city. The group has more than 250 participants.

Meanwhile, as asylum seekers arrive in Tijuana, they will be forced to wait as long as two months to even apply for asylum in the United States, according to the New York Times. And last week, it was reported that U.S. immigration officials are pushing for a proposal to “send those who arrive at the U.S.-Mexico border to Mexico while their immigration cases are being processed in the United States,” which would apply to asylum seekers as well.

The border city is already struggling to deal with the consequences of years of U.S. immigration policy that has turned Tijuana into “one of the world’s great cities of exile,” as California Sunday Magazine put it:

Customs and Border Protection is now so overwhelmed and so insufficiently staffed to cope with the volume that Tijuana’s plazas teem with people who have been turned away. Combined with the many thousands of deportees arriving in the city every month, the net effect is the transformation of Tijuana into one of the world’s great cities of exile. Without a single major aid organization providing significant relief, this flood tide of outsiders is pushing Tijuana toward a humanitarian crisis. So many churches and nonprofits have cleared out furniture and laid down mattresses that the number of shelters has jumped from five to 35 in the past year, and a loose network of volunteer activists has sprung up to help.


In Tijuana, thousands of recently arrived Central American migrants are being housed in an old sports center that has been repurposed as a temporary shelter, one that, per the Times, “has assumed the squalor of an overwhelmed refugee camp.” Dr. Allen Keller, the director of a program for torture survivors, called the influx of migrants and asylum seekers a “refugee crisis.”

“These individuals are not here by choice,” Keller told the Times. “In fact, they believe they have no choice.”

Senior reporter, Jezebel