Supposedly, before she was burned at the stake by a bunch of English clergymen, Joan of Arc turned a devotional ring over to Cardinal Henry Beaufort, and it’s been in English hands every since. Until now, anyway.
According to the caption: “Circa 1450, A group of ladies in the grounds of a castle watching one of their number as she prepares to shoot a stag with a bow and arrow.” But a closer look—check the lady on the right holding that main bitch’s train—reveals that it ought to read something more like, “Attendants grow…
Sounds like history teachers might owe rats a big apology this morning: A team of researchers is now arguing that they were not, in fact, guilty of spreading the devastating bubonic plague across medieval Europe. It's just like My Cousin Vinny!
Some tropes are so ingrained in Medieval-inspired fantasy stories that it's tempting to think that they represent real aspects of Medieval life. But often these stories are just reinforcing myths and misconceptions about life in the Middle Ages.
Ditch all your "uphill in the snow both ways" stories, because there's a new, wonderful way to remind the teens in your life just how easy they've got it: Tell them how miserable it was to be a teenager in Medieval Europe. Because mom wasn't giving you gas money and there was a good chance you'd die of the plague, too.
The following chart, first published in 1990, is one consolidated visual guide (for men) to the incredibly complex and guilt-ridden rules of sex in Christian Medieval times as prescribed by penitentials. According to James Hamblin at the Atlantic:
Written by an unknown author in the late fourteenth century, "Le Ménagier de Paris," is a guide for the medieval bride, written in the voice of an old man instructing his fifteen-year-old intended. A mix of recipes, housekeeping tips, and spiritual guidance, it's now available in its entirety. [New Yorker]
Well, we know where the law stands on giving a BJ in Idaho, but the Middle Ages were so much worse. Sometime around 1245, St. Albert The Great helped pen a handbook for sexual penances. The length of the punishment — bread, water, and abstinence — for "exotic congress" varied, depending on the sexual…