After a baby born last year with HIV was deemed potentially HIV-free, there was much cause for celebration. Now doctors are even more stoked because a second child born with HIV has been treated and found to have cleared the virus.
When the Mississippi baby (as the first child was known) was born, doctors originally weren't sure whether the mother was HIV-positive. Though they treated the child with antiretrovirals, there was some confusion over whether the Mississippi baby had ever had HIV to begin with. After the first treatment, the mother stopped giving the baby the prescribed drugs. Even so, when baby was tested for the disease five months after its birth, it seemed be HIV-free.