Roeder May Get Reduced Sentence Because Of "Belief" That Murder Was Justified

Illustration for article titled Roeder May Get Reduced Sentence Because Of "Belief" That Murder Was Justified

The trial of Dr. George Tiller's assassin Scott Roeder begins in Wichita today, and some anti-choicers still hope to make it a referendum on abortion. They may have help.

Monica Davey of the New York Times reminds us that several witnesses saw Roeder shoot Tiller, and that Roeder has confessed to the crime both in jailhouse interviews and in a legal memorandum he gave to judge Warren Wilbert. Wilbert won't allow Roeder to use the necessity defense, which would have argued that his crime was necessary to prevent abortions. The judge may, however, allow Roeder's team to argue that he should be convicted of voluntary manslaughter instead of first-degree murder if he had "an unreasonable but honest belief that circumstances existed that justified deadly force."


Katherine Spillar, executive vice president of the Feminist Majority Foundation, argues that this defense would "embolden anti-abortion extremists and could result in ‘open season' on doctors across the country." And to argue that "an unreasonable belief" is grounds for a lighter sentence certainly seems to send a strange legal message — many murderers probably believe they are justified in some way, and Roeder's defense, if successful, might set a precedent of lesser punishments for all of them. In the specific matter of abortion, a voluntary manslaughter verdict would almost certainly lend encouragement to those — like abortion foe Regina Dinwiddie — who support a "Defensive Action Statement," or public claim that violence against abortion doctors is justified.

More mainstream anti-choicers like Troy Newman of Operation Rescue have distanced themselves from Roeder, but Dinwiddie isn't the only one who supports him, and his conviction on a lesser charge would send the message that their views were, at least in some way, valid. More disturbingly, such a conviction would essentially allow Roeder and other murderers to determine their own sentences simply by stating their beliefs. Simply thinking an act is justified shouldn't make it so in the eyes of the law, or the law becomes completely relativist, and vulnerable to men like Roeder who think their convictions are more important than a man's life.

On Trial's Sidelines, Abortion Foes Are Divided [NYT]
Abortion Doctor Murder Trial To Begin [Guardian]

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Hazey Jane

Surely the defense has made their case much harder? Dr. Tiller was gunned down in church—it's hard to imagine that the circumstances at the time and place of Dr. Tiller's death would make anyone feel that any sort of force was necessary. In fact, I don't see how gunning a man down in church (or the grocery store, or any other place where the victim is simply going about his business) is anything other can cold-blooded first-degree murder.

Doesn't this also mean that if someone shoots Scott Roeder dead (not that I would condone that) upon his release from prison, they can argue that they believed it was necessary to prevent more anti-choice terrorism, specifically the future deaths of abortion doctors? Would this hypothetical person also get to be tried for manslaughter instead of first degree murder?